The Jackson patriarch has battled various health problems in recent years, including his hospitalization in 2016 for a high fever. It was just one year before that when Joe, in 2015, suffered a stroke and three heart attacks -- which led to him receiving a pacemaker.
In the early 1960s Joe began shaping his sons Jackie, Tito, Jermaine and later younger sons Marlon and Michael into a musical group, which became the Jackson 5.
In 1968 the group had their first local hit in the Chicago area with "Big Boy." In October 1969 the Jackson 5 had their first national hit "I want You Back" which hit number one.
The group only went from strength-to-strength.
In 1982 he launched then 16-year-old Janet Jackson's solo career. While fathering and managing -- at least early on -- the careers of some of pop music's most successful acts Joe's public image suffered in the press.
He was alleged in various media reports to have had an abusive relationship with his children, leading to the estrangement of several of his offspring.